Howard Dean

Howard Dean was born on November 17, 1948 in New York City, New York.[1] He received his B.S. from Yale University in 1971 and his M.D. at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in 1978.[1] He started his professional career as a physician in the state of Vermont and married to Dr. Judith Steinberg to which he has two children with.[1] Dean made his way into the limelight through his fame in American politics and his political career actually started back in the early 80's.[1]

A Life in Politics

In the early 1980's, Howard Dean was the Chittenden Country Democratic Party chair.[1] In 1983, he was elected into the Vermont House of Representatives after spearheading a grassroots campaign to stop the development of a condominium on Lake Champlain.[3] Dean was then, elected lieutenant governer in 1986.[2] After serving as a state representative, he was re-elected in 1988 and 1990 as well.[2] After Governor Richard Snelling died in 1991, Howard Dean became Vermont's governor and later was elected full time in November 1992.[2] Governor Dean was re-elected four more times afterwards and created a name for himself based on his conservative principles.[2] Howard Dean was also the chairman of the National Governors' Association from 1994-95 and the chair of the Democratic Governors' Association in1997.[1] On May 31st, 2002, Howard Dean decided to run for the 2004 presidential election however, by March 25, 2004 Dean dropped out of the race and endorsed John Kerry for the presidency.[3] In 2005, he accepted the postion as Democratic National Chair and is still the chairman as of 2008.[1]

Leadership Successes

Under his governing, Vermont was relieved of its debt and by 2001, the state even enjoyed a $100 million surplus.[2] Dean established a new health care plan that ensured 96 percent of Vermont's children received health care coverage and more than a third of Vermont's Medicare recipients received state help in paying for their prescriptions.[2] Dean's other program, 'Success by Six' ensured that more resources like day-care and home nurses were available to parents if they needed them and Vermont officials instituted an Interactive Learning Network that wired almost all the state's high schools, even in the most rural areas under the support of Governor Dean.[2] Governing magazine proclaimed Governor Dean "Public Official of the Year" in 2002 for his achievements in these areas.[2]

2004 Campaign

Dean's 2004 campaign approach was novel to the presidential race. "His campaign made extensive use of the Internet, pioneering techniques that were subsequently adopted by politicians of all political persuasions. His supporters organized real-world meetings, many of them arranged through Meetup.com, participated in online forums, donated money online, canvassed for advertising ideas, and distributed political talking points. In terms of money, publicity and activism, Dean therefore quickly staked out a leadership position in the field of candidates. In this way, he was able to bypass existing party and activist infrastructure and built his own online network of supporters and in fact, utilized his own blog known as Blog for America. In terms of traditional 'ground troops', however, Dean remained at a disadvantage. Dean adopted a coffee shop strategy to visit grassroot activists in all 99 Iowa counties, but he lacked the campaign infrastructure to get voters to the polls that his opponents had."[3]

The campaign itself was focuses around emphasizig health care and fiscal responsibility but once he voiced his opposition to the War in Iraq, that opinion took the spotlight.[3] Dean was actually considered a long shot candidate at first, but as his internet politics began, he started to reach the forefront of the democratic candidates and received most of his fundraising through these grassroots efforts. After Dean suffered the loss of the Iowa Democratic Caucuses, it seems as if his campaign lost momentum.[3] During a post-caucus rally, Dean also received negative media attention for the emotional "Dean Scream" heard around the world and continued to suffer a string of losses including New Hampshire and Wisconsin.[3] He then stepped down and endorsed John Kerry.
However, Howard Dean's campaign did leave an impact.

Bibliography
1. Profile. "Howard B. Dean III." Page archived in 2004, retrieved on May 14, 2008 from http://www.politics1.com/dean.htm
2. Profile. "About the Chairman." Democratic Party Website. Retrieved on May 14, 2008 from http://www.democrats.org/a/party/chairman/aboutthechairman.html
3. Wikipedia. "Howard Dean." Retrieved May 14, 2008 from
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Howard_Dean#Personal_life
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